Turning the Heat on I.C.E.: Freedom of Information Act and Electronic Metadata Collide

Electronic documents such as PDF files must include all metadata when being submitted in response to discovery requests according to a recent decision by the Southern District of New York. In Nat’l Day Laborer Organizing Network v. United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement Agency, the Court held that the Immigration and Customs Enforcement agency, in…

Will PayPal Thrive in China? – China’s New Regulation of Third Party Payment Services

On June 21, 2010, the central bank of China issued long-awaited regulation for third-party payment providers. According to the regulation, non-bank payment service providers must apply for a license from the central bank and use banking institutions as agents when they transfer capital from each other. In addition, payment providers must keep customers’ funds in…